Hadn’t read my Monitor on Psychology (Feb 2011 edition) til this morning and saw that the cover story is on the possible rise of narcissism in young folk these days. Now, this magazine is popular and doesn’t go too deep into reporting on research…and I haven’t followed up on the studies to read them for myself, but…
- one study has 80% of middle school students scoring higher on self-esteem in ’06 than ’88
- Another shows an increase in the lifetime prevalence of NPD
- However, no nationally representative samples comparisons have been done to really shed light on whether a rise is truly taking place
- One meta study of 85 studies (between ’82 and ’06) suggests an increase of narcissism among college students
The article goes on to muse about whether materialism and social networking lead the way toward narcissism but also wonders whether the decrease in availability to easy credit will lower the self-promoting trend a bit.
In an ironic twist, it appears that the DSM 5 may not include NPD as a diagnosis. Rather. It will include a more general diagnosis (see below taken from the DSM5.0rg site). Strangely, one of the “types” is NOT narcissism.
The essential features of a personality disorder are impairments in identity and sense of self and in the capacity for effective interpersonal functioning. To diagnose a personality disorder, the impairments must meet all of the following criteria:
A. A rating of mild impairment or greater in self and interpersonal functioning on the Levels of Personality Functioning.
B. Associated with a “good match” or “very good match” to a personality disorder type or with a rating of “quite a bit like the trait” or “extremely like the trait” on one or more personality trait domains.
C. Relatively stable across time and consistent across situations.
D. Not better understood as a norm within an individual’s dominant culture.
E. Not solely due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, medication) or a general medical condition (e.g., severe head trauma).